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Thread: Terms of Fundamental News in Forex

Terms of Fundamental News in Forex
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    #1

    Terms of Fundamental News in Forex

    Gros Domestic Product

    Measures the market value of goods and services produced by a country. Consists of four main components: consumption, investment, government purchases, and total net exports.Released per quarter. The figure shows the percentage growth of data from the previous quarter.

    The GDP report is divided into 3 release:

    advanced - first release
    preliminary - the first revision and
    final - the second and final revision
    Revisions is what is usually a significant impact to the market.
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    Help-wanted Index

    Index which measures the number of jobs advertised in 51 newspapers scattered across the United States of America.
    Federal Reserve chairman, is often discussed and studied this index, because the index is able to provide labor market conditions in the U.S. today.
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    Housing Starts and Building Permits

    Housing starts are monthly data to calculate the amount of the construction of new housing units per month. Most of the data collected from the application and the license (permit) for construction of houses. These data include the primary indicator, because it can lead to changes in economic conditions and predict changes in growth rate.
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    #4
    IFO Survey

    Germany's main survey on business conditions. Issued per month by the Institute for Economic Research, one of the largest research institute in Germany. IFO index seen as an important indicator of economic activity, and well-known reliable in indicating changes in the trend growth rate of the German economy. Survey respondents included more than 7,000 companies.
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    Industrial Production and Manufacturing Production

    This is a standard calculation of Output industries the United States, reduced electricity and gas sectors. The output is expressed in a percentage based on annual production. The increase in excess of estimates of this indicator is defined as rising inflation, and if the production is in decline in the condition, then the Fed will lower interest rates to stimulate the economy.v
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    #6
    Capacity Utilization

    This is the complement of the data Industrial Production. Capacity Utilization calculate the level of use of capital used in production processes. An increase that exceeded the estimates of this indicator is defined as an increase in the rate of inflation
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    Institute for Supply Management (ISM) Index

    Previously known as the NAPM (National Association Processing Manager = spending), effectively unchanged since January 2002. Is an important survey on U.S. manufacturing activity conducted by the ISM. Reports are usually issued on the first working day of each month, providing a detailed view of the beginning of the manufacturing sector prior to the issuance of another employment report.

    This survey is known for its accuracy Timelines / duration, breadth of information available, and the numbers listed on its headline is a function of the six main components: a price paid, new orders, supplier, delivery, production, inventories and employment.

    Last three components of the reflected power supply (supply), while the three previous components reflect the strength of demand (demand).
    Component price paid (Paid Price) is widely considered as a component of this involves an element of price pressures in the sector. Number 50 or more indicates that the sector is expanding, while a reading below 50 indicates contraction.
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    #8
    NY Empire State Manufacturing Index

    Monthly survey of industrialists held in New York and the surrounding area by the New York Federal Reserve. This survey participants represent a wide range of industry sectors.
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    #9
    M4-Money Supply

    Is the data that measures the amount of money circulating in an economy, which is the sum of:
    Amount of money circulating in the form of coins or paper
    Amount of bank loans to individuals, companies, and other banks
    The amount of money borrowed by the government
    Economists believe that the Money Supply is a great indokator to predict the rate of inflation, but the correlation becomes unreliable since the financial liberalization in '80s.
    Money Supply The definitions of these terms include the following:
    M1 = Circulation of valuable papers (such as demand deposits) currency held by the public, not the bank. (Reduced = good; Increase = bad)
    M2 = M1 + time deposits, time deposits of commercial banks reduced by a large number of transferable certificates of deposit. (Reduced = poor; Increase = good)
    M3 = M2 + deposits and other financial institutions. (Reduced = poor; Increase = good)
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    #10
    Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE)

    Kurang lebih sama dengan CPI, PCE adalah laporan (lebih tepatnya bagian dari laporan Personal Income) yang dirilis oleh Biro Analisa Ekonomi Departemen Perdagangan. PCE mengukur tingkat perubahan harga barang-barang dan jasa. Komponen data ini terdiri dari pengeluaran-pengeluaran rumahtangga kontan maupun kredit untuk semua jenis barang (tahan lama dan tidak tahan lama), maupun jasa.
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    Philadelphia Fed Index (Business Outlook Survey)

    Is a survey of indications seuruh changes in business activity and a wide range of industrial activity, to the industrialists in the region around the state of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware.

    The index number above zero means expansion, and contraction when below zero. This data is considered accurate because it describes the current condition. However, because it only covers three states, less able to describe the condition of the country as a whole.
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    #12
    Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI)


    PPI measures price change from the perspective of the seller. Not as good as the CPI indicates inflation. But because components include items that are in the process of production, as well as PPI can often estimate CPI.PPI Input: Measuring changes in prices of raw materials used in the manufacturing industry. Lower index is preferred by industrial manufactur (and also by the economy) when viewed in terms of production costs must dikeluarkan.PPI Output: Measure the level of price changes in intermediate goods and final goods produced by manufacturing industries.
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    PSNCR - Public Sector Net Cash Requirement

    PSNCR Is the amount of money to be borrowed by the government to finance spending, spending. Because governments often spend more than they receive from tax revenues, and the only way to increase its shortcomings is to borrow.
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    Real GDP

    Economy Experts tend to pay more attention to the macro economy Real GDP takes into account the data for inflation, are not as well as the (nominal) GDP which only reflects the price changes.
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    Retail Sales

    This data to calculate the total receipts of retail stores, without entering pengeluarn component to the service sector in it. The monthly data shows the percentage change from previous data. Negative number indicates the number of sales declined from the previous sale.
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    Tertiary Index

    The data to calculate the level of demand for the service sector. Tics / Foreign Puschase of the U.S. Securities is the data that calculates the amount of capital inflows from foreign investors.

    Trade Balance (Balance of Trade) = Visible Trade
    Is the net difference between exports and imports of goods and services a country in a given period. Positive numbers indicate a surplus (exports exceed imports), the negative shows a deficit (imports exceed exports).
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    Invisible Trade

    A term for the export and import trade in the services sector, which distinguish the notion of Merchandise Trade (Visible Trade). Business activities of tourism services, banking, insurance, transportation, etc.. Invisible Balance of Trade can be calculated as the difference between the services sector to the import export services sector.
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    Unemployment Rate Retail Sales

    Is the percentage of those who are active search for jobs but have not gotten the job. Data is very commonly known as a simple and there are political implications, but less important for the market because it is considered less accurate (often late in providing the signal changes in economic trends).
    Last edited by kravzenkov; 06-13-2012 at 08:13 PM.
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    #19
    University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index

    There is the survey on consumer confidence conducted by the University of Michigan. Is an indicator, consumer confidence in the U.S. the most attention. Consumer confidence is an important indicator for the business cycle, because it provides important information about consumers' assessment of current conditions and expectations in the future.
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    #20
    Consumer Confidence

    Closely linked to unemployment, inflation, and real income. Generally, consumer confidence high if low unemployment and high GDP growth rates. Increase of the index will be interpreted as an indication of the level of consumer spending rising. The high level of expenditure in turn could trigger inflation.
    Data (change) per month is considered to be no significant impact on the overall trend.

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